Aidi Zhao




Group Leader

Prof. Aidi Zhao, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Principal Investigator

Office: Room 114, Building 4, SPST Web of Science ResearchID: B-1369-2009 ORCID: 0000-0002-6546-4610

Born in 1979. He graduated from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) with a bachelor's degree in applied physics in 2001. He received his Ph.D. in condensed matter physics from USTC in 2007 and won the National Top-100 Outstanding Doctoral Thesis Award (2008). He was a visiting scholar at the College of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley from 2008 to 2009. In 2006, he won the President Special Award of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). In 2007, he won the Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Award of the CAS. In 2011, he was elected to the Youth Innovation Promotion Association (YIPA) of the CAS. In 2014, he won the Outstanding Science and Technology Achievement Prize of the CAS (Major Contributor). In 2013, he was awarded Wang Kuan-Cheng Education Award; In 2016, he was awarded the Outstanding Member of the YIPA, CAS; In 2018, he was awarded the Ping-Fan Fund Education Award; In 2019, he was elected as the Periodic Table of the Chinese Young Chemists by the Chinese Chemical Society. Group website:


Research Interest

Accurate synthesis and engineering of quantum materials have become the frontiers of physical sciences and might give rise to new materials and structures with exotic properties and practical applications in next-generation technologies. For example, the Tc of correlated superconductors can be dramatically tuned by subtly changing lattice parameters; band properties of two-dimensional materials can undergo topological phase transition through the sub-Å displacement of atomic bonding. Our group has developed state-of-the-art techniques for this purpose by combining high-resolution scanning probe microscopy with high-precision molecular beam epitaxy. However, new methodologies for atomic-level characterizations of structure, coupling, and interaction are still demanded in order to get a comprehensive understanding of material engineering at the picoscale. Prof. Zhao has long been engaged in the research of single-molecule science, high-resolution scanning probe microscopy, low-dimensional quantum materials, and topological materials and has made many important original developments in these areas. More than 60 research papers have been published in SCI journals such as Science, Nature Materials, and Nat. Commun. The research results won the Top-Ten Scientific and Technological Progress in China in 2005 and the Top-Ten Scientific and Technological Progress in Universities in 2009.

We sincerely welcome researchers with strong backgrounds in physics, materials, or chemistry to join us as research assistants/associates or post-doc in these fantastic scientific research projects. Please contact Prof. Zhao directly via email. 


Select Publications

  1. Ultrathin van der Waals antiferromagnet CrTe3 for fabrication of in-plane CrTe3/CrTe2 monolayer magnetic heterostructures. Advanced Materials 34, 2200236 (2022)

  2. Flexible Alkali−Halogen Bonding in Two Dimensional Alkali-Metal Organic Frameworks. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 12, 10808 (2021).

  3. Visualizing Band Profiles of Gate-Tunable Junctions in MoS2/WSe2 Heterostructure Transistors. ACS Nano 15, 16314 (2021).

  4. Realization of Electron Antidoping by Modulating the Breathing Distortion in BaBiO3. Nano Letters 21, 3981 (2021).

  5. Determining structural and chemical heterogeneities of surface species at the single-bond limit. Science 371, 818 (2021).

  6. Observation of pseudogap in SnSe2 atomic layers grown on graphite. Front. Phys. 15, 43501 (2020).

  7. Two-dimensional graphene-like Xenes as potential topological materials. APL Materials 8, 030701 (2020).

  8. Creation of the Dirac Nodal Line by Extrinsic Symmetry Engineering. Nano Letters 20, 2157 (2020).

  9. Transition from Semimetal to Semiconductor in ZrTe2 Induced by Se Substitution. ACS Nano 14, 835 (2020).

  10. Reaction selectivity of homochiral versus heterochiral intermolecular reactions of prochiral terminal alkynes on surfaces. Nat. Commun. 10, 4122 (2019)

  11. Epitaxial growth of ultraflat stanene with topological band inversion. Nature Materials 17, 1081 (2018).

  12. Hidden Order and Haldane-Like Phase in Molecular Chains Assembled from Conformation-Switchable Molecules. ACS Nano 12, 6515 (2018).

  13. Epitaxial growth of highly strained antimonene on Ag (111). Front. Phys.13, 138106 (2018).

  14. Tuning the Doping Types in Graphene Sheets by N Monoelement. Nano Lett. 18, 386 (2018).

  15. Molecule-Confined Engineering toward Superconductivity and Ferromagnetism in Two-Dimensional Superlattice. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 139, 16398 (2017).

  16. Half-Metallic Behavior in 2D Transition Metal Dichalcogenides Nanosheets by Dual-Native-Defects Engineering. Adv. Mater. 29, 1703123 (2017).

  17. Engineering hybrid Co-picene structures with variable spin coupling. Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 171601 (2016). (APL Cover; Featured Article)

  18. Surface Landau levels and spin states in bismuth (111) ultrathin films. Nat. Commun. 7, 10814 (2016).

  19. Structural and electronic properties of an ordered grain boundary formed by separated (1,0) dislocations in graphene. Nanoscale 7, 3055 (2015).

  20. Evidence of van Hove Singularities in Ordered Grain Boundaries of Graphene. Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 226802 (2014).

  21. Construction of carbon-based two-dimensional crystalline nanostructure by chemical vapor deposition of benzene on Cu(111). Nanoscale 6, 7934 (2014).

  22. STM tip-assisted single molecule chemistry. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 12428 (2013).

  23. Orbital-selective single molecule rectifier on graphene-covered Ru(0001) surface. Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 163506 (2013).

  24. Periodically Modulated Electronic Properties of the Epitaxial Monolayer Graphene on Ru(0001). J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 24858 (2011).

  25. Controlling Electronic States and Transport Properties at the Level of Single Molecules. Adv. Mater. 22, 1967 (2010).

  26. Optimal Electron Doping of a C-60 Monolayer on Cu(111) via Interface Reconstruction. Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 036103 (2010).

  27. Design and control of electron transport properties of single molecules. PNAS 106, 15259 (2009).

  28. Mechanism for negative differential resistance in molecular electronic devices: Local orbital symmetry matching. Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 146803 (2007).

  29. Controlling the Kondo effect of an adsorbed magnetic ion through its chemical bonding. Science 309, 1542 (2005).


Group Members

            Research Assistant: Qin Zhou

            Graduate Students: Qun Niu (SA 2019, BA2021), Lixin Yu (SA 2019), Yu Han (SA2020), Xianming Song (SA2020), Quanchao Song (SA2021)

            Alumni: Jianyu Dong (BS, 2023)