Principal Investigator

管晓飞 Xiaofei Guan (ORCID: 0000-0002-7100-2949)


Assistant Professor, School of Physical Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University

Address393 Huaxia Middle Road, SPST Building 5, Room 403i, Shanghai, China 201210
E-mailguanxf[at]shanghaitech.edu.cn (Note: please replace [at] with @)

Working Experience:

Assistant Professor, ShanghaiTech University, 2017.11-Present 

Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard University, 2014.09-2017.09

Postdoctoral Research Associate, Boston University, 2013.09-2014.09


Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, 2010.09-2013.09

Graduate Student in Physics, The University of Arizona, 2009.08-2010.08

B.S. in Applied Physics, Nankai University, 2005.09-2009.06

Honors and Awards:

Amcel Lecture sponsored by John van Geuns Fund, Van't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2023.

Young Leader Professional Development Award, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS), United States, 2015.

Outstanding PhD Dissertation Award in Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, 2014.

Research 研究内容

Our modern society is faced with challenges in energy, environment, and resources. The chemical industries for hydrogen production and ammonia synthesis, for example, are highly energy intensive and also emit a large amount of greenhouse gases. The improper disposal of electronic waste results in both environmental pollution and waste of resources. There is an urgent need of technological transformations in the chemical and materials industries for building a sustainable future. At ShanghaiTech, our research group is exploring unconventional materials and sustainable electrochemical processes to enable energy, electronic, and environmental technologies. Our current projects include:

1. Catalytic synthesis of fuels: design, prepare and characterize catalysts & reactors for producing fuels.

2. Metals extraction and recycling: develop environmentally friendly electrochemical processes for critical metal extraction and recycling. 

3. Carbon capture and utilization: design and investigate new methods for capturing carbon dioxide from air or flue gas.

4. Functional oxides: materials synthesis, control and characterization of electronic and ionic properties, and nanofabrication of field-effect devices. 



(1) 催化合成燃料:研究新型催化材料包括熔融合金和熔融盐。

(2) 关键金属元素的提取和回收:发明对环境友好的新型电化学工艺,回收废旧电池中的贵重金属元素。

(3) 碳捕集和利用:开发直接从空气或从工业废气中捕集并利用二氧化碳的新方法。

(4) 复杂氧化物在能源和电子器件中的应用:使用超净间微纳加工技术制备薄膜材料和器件,利用电化学掺杂调控材料性质。

Publications 论文

Recent Work:

15. X. Guan, "Liquid Alloy-Salt Catalytic System for Ammonia Synthesis from Nitrogen and Hydrogen", book chapter in the Handbook of Energy, Environment, and the Circular Economy (volume 2), World Scientific Publishing Co., to appear, 2024.

14. X. Meng, J. Liu, Z. Tang, B. Xi, P. Yan, X. Wang, K. Cao, B. Yang, X. Guan, "Molten Catalytic System Comprising Li-Zn Alloy and LiCl-KCl Salt for Nitrogen Fixation and Ammonia Synthesis at Ambient Pressure", Catalysis Science & Technology, DOI: 10.1039/D4CY00202D, 2024. (Selected as Outside Front Cover) (中文新闻稿:若水无形的熔融催化体系合成氨)

13. J. Zhou, J. Ni, X. Guan, "The Critical Role of H2 Reduction Roasting for Enhancing the Recycling of Spent Li-ion Battery Cathodes in the Subsequent Neutral Water Electrolysis", RSC Sustainability, 1, 2241-2253, 2023. (Highlighted as Back Cover) (中文新闻稿:绿色高效的废旧锂离子电池正极材料回收新技术)

12. X. Wang, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, H. Zhang, C. Pei, M. Zhao, J. Zhou, Q. Tang, H. Chen, B. Xi, Y. Qi, Z. Liu, G. Li, X. Guan, "Resistivity Modulation of Perovskite Samarium Nickelate with High-Valence Cations and the Underlying Mechanism", Applied Surface Science, 624, 157103, 2023.

11. Q. Tang, X. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Liu and X. Guan, "Thin-Film Samarium Nickelate as a Potential Material for Methane Sensing", Journal of Materials Research, 37, 3816-3830, 2022. 

10. J. Zhou, J. Bing, J. Ni, X. Wang and X. Guan, "Recycling the Waste LiMn2O4 of Spent Li-ion Batteries by pH Gradient in Neutral Water Electrolyser", Materials Today Sustainability, 20, 100205, 2022

9. Q. Yang, J. Liu, C. Zhou, J. Ni, E. Vovk, Y. Yang, B. Yang, and X. Guan, "Combining Electrolysis with Thermocatalysis for Dry Reforming of Methane in a Naturally Stratifying Liquid Alloy-Salt Catalytic System", Materials Today Chemistry, 25, 100949, 2022. 

8.  Z. Tang, X. Meng, Y. Shi, and X. Guan, "Lithium-Based Loop for Ambient-Pressure Ammonia Synthesis in a Liquid Alloy-Salt Catalytic System", ChemSusChem, 14, 4697-4707, 2021. (Highlighted as Cover Feature) (中文新闻稿:液态合金和熔盐组成的双层液态体系在常压下催化合成氨)

7. C. Zhou, J. Ni, H. Chen, and X. Guan, "Harnessing Electrochemical pH Gradient for Direct Air Capture with Hydrogen and Oxygen By-Products in a Calcium-Based Loop", Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 5, 4355-4367, 2021. (中文新闻稿:直接空气碳捕集技术新方案助力碳中和)

6. J. Ni, J. Zhou, J. Bing, and X. Guan, "Recycling the Cathode Materials of Spent Lithium-ion Batteries in a H-Shaped Neutral Water Electrolysis Cell", Separation and Purification Technology, 278, 119485, 2021.

5. Z. Tang and X. Guan, "Lithium Extraction from Molten LiOH by Using a Liquid Tin Cathode", Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 7, 203-214, 2021.

4. Q. Yang, C. Zhou, J. Ni, and X. Guan, "Methane Dry Reforming in a Coking- and Sintering-Free Liquid Alloy-Salt Catalytic System", Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 4, 2768-2774, 2020. (Selected as a Sustainable Energy and Fuels HOT Article)

3. C. Fleuriault, X. Guan, and J. Grogan, "Extraction and Recycling of Battery Materials", JOM, 71, 4445-4446, 2019. 

2. X. Guan, "Toward Resources and Processes Sustainability: Part II", JOM, 70, 510-511, 2018. 

1. X. Guan, "Toward Resources and Processes Sustainability: Part I", JOM, 70, 113-114, 2018. 

Work at BU and Harvard:

1. X. Guan, B.C. Enalls, D.R. Clarke, and P. Girguis, "Iron Sulfide Formation on Iron Substrates by Electrochemical Reaction in Anoxic Conditions", Crystal Growth & Design, 17, 6332-6340, 2017.

2. X. Guan, J. Jiang, J. Lattimer, M. Tsuchiya, C. Friend, and S. Ramanathan, "Hydride-Based Solid Oxide Fuel Cell-Battery Hybrid Electrochemical System", Energy Technology, 5, 616-622, 2017.

3. S. Lee and X. Guan, "Cerium Silicate-Based Thin Film Apatites: High Conductivity and Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Application", MRS Communications, 7, 199-205, 2017.

4. S. Su, U. Pal, and X. Guan, "Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolysis Process for Aluminum Production: Experiment and Modeling", Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 164, F248-255, 2017.

5. Z. Zhang, F. Zuo, C. Wan, A. Datta, J. Kim, J. Rensberg, R. Nawrodt, H.H. Park, T. Larrabee, X. Guan, Y. Zhou, S.M. Prokes, C. Ronning, V.M. Shalaev, A. Boltasseva, M.A. Kats, and S. Ramanathan, "Evolution of Metallicity in Vanadium Dioxide by Creation of Oxygen Vacancies", Physical Review Applied, 7, 034008 2017.

6. M. Zhang, X. Guan, and J. Howarter, "Recent Developments in Deriving Values from Resource Recovery at Multiple Scales", JOM, 69, 1537-1538, 2017.

7. J. Jiang, X. Guan, J. Lattimer, C. Friend, A. Verma, M. Tsuchiya, and S. Ramanathan, "Experimental Investigation into Tungsten Carbide Thin Films as Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes", Journal of Materials Research, 31, 3050-3059, 2016.

8. Y. Zhou, X. Guan, H. Zhou, K. Ramadoss, S. Adam, H. Liu, S. Lee, J. Shi, M. Tsuchiya, D.D. Fong, and S. Ramanathan, "Strongly Correlated Perovskite Fuel Cells", Nature, 534, 231-234, 2016.

9. X. Guan, U.B. Pal, Y. Jiang, and S. Su, "Clean Metals Production by Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolysis Process", Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 2 (2), 152-166, 2016. (Feathered as Cover Article)

10. S. Lee, X. Guan, and S. Ramanathan, "Thin Film Oxy-Apatite Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells", Journal of Electrochemical Society, 163 (7), F719-727, 2016.

11. X. Guan, U.B. Pal, "Design of Optimum Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolysis Cells for Metals Production", Progress in Natural Science: Materials International, 25 (6), 591-594, 2015.

12. X. Guan, S. Su, U.B. Pal, and A.C. Powell, "Periodic Shorting of SOM Cell to Remove Soluble Magnesium in Flux and Improve Faradaic Efficiency", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 45 (6), 2138-2144, 2014.

13. X. Guan, U.B. Pal, and A.C. Powell, "Environmentally Friendly Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolysis Process for Magnesium Oxide Reduction: Experiment and Modeling", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions E, 1 (2), 132-144, 2014.

14. E.S. Gratz, X. Guan, J. Milshtein, U.B. Pal, and A.C. Powell, "Mitigating the Electronic Current in Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolysis for Magnesium Production", Metallurgical and Materials Transaction B, 45 (4), 1325-1336, 2014.

15. Y. Jiang, J. Xu, X. Guan, U.B. Pal and S.N. Basu (2013), "Production of Silicon by Solid Oxide Membrane-Based Electrolysis Process", MRS Proceedings, 1493, 231-235, 2013.

16. X. Guan, U.B. Pal, S. Gopalan, and A.C. Powell, "LSM (La0.8Sr0.2MnO3-δ)–Inconel Inert Anode Current Collector for Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolysis", Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 160 (11), F1179-F1186, 2013.

17. X. Guan, U.B. Pal and A.C. Powell, "An Environmentally Friendly Process Involving Refining and Membrane Based Electrolysis for Magnesium Recovery from Partially Oxidized Scrap Alloy", JOM, 65 (10), 1285-1292, 2013.

18. X. Guan, U.B. Pal, P.A. Zink and A.C. Powell, "Recycling of Magnesium Alloy Employing Refining and Solid-Oxide-Membrane (SOM) Electrolysis", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 44 (2), 261-271, 2013.

Group Members 组员

   Graduate students: 

      Chen, Yue; Meng, Xian; Sun, Yibo; Wang, Xingran; Xi, Bingxu;  Xue, Junjie; Zhang, Xu; Zhou, Jiayin; Zhao Mohan; Zheng, Yuxi. 

   Former group members

      Wang, Xingyuan (Shanghai Electric); Yang, Qinghai (GalaxyCore); Ni, Jihong (HiPhi); Tang, Qijuan (Micron);  Tang, Zujian (Tohoku University). 

      Xue, Qingjun (Daicel); Shi, Yue (Cornell University); Zhou, Congquan (SIMIT); Chen, Huiqi (Fudan University); Bing, Jinhong (SICCAS).

     (Group photo taken on 2022/09/30)

   (Group photo taken on 2021/01/18)